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Two categories of workers were analyzed for this section of the report – art and design workers; and entertainers, performers, and sports workers. There has been little noticeable trend in the number of art and design workers employed in Lackawanna, Luzerne, and Wayne Counties. In 2022, however, the amount of art and design workers increased in all three counties. Lackawanna County’s share of these workers increased by nine percent and the number of art and design workers in both Luzerne and Wayne Counties increased by five percent.
In 2022, the number of entertainers, performers and sports and related workers in Lackawanna and Luzerne Counties increased by five percent and 9.5 percent, respectively, and declined by more than four percent in Wayne County. The amount employed in each county remains significantly below their pre-pandemic totals.
Wages in arts and design occupations are slightly higher at the entry level and median levels than they are in other occupations, though wages for experienced workers are lower than average. For entertainers, performers, and sports workers, entry-level wages are relatively low, but median wages and wages for experienced workers are slightly above average.
Art and Design Workers
Source: Jobs EQ (Chmura Economics)
Entertainers and Performers, Sports, and Related Workers
Source: Jobs EQ (Chmura Economics)
Arts, Entertainment, and Recreation Industry Sector
Businesses in arts, entertainment, and recreation collectively employ over 20,000 people in the three counties. Of all types of businesses in this sector, golf courses and country clubs have the highest employment total (903 employees), followed by recreational sports centers (551 employees). The next largest group includes independent artists, writers, and performers (349 individuals).
Source: Chmura Economics
|NAICS||Industry||Employment||5 Year Employment Change|
|711410||Agents and Managers for Artists, Athletes, Entertainers, and Other Public Figures||9||-1|
|713990||All Other Amusement and Recreation Industries||336||61|
|713110||Amusement and Theme Parks||0||-13|
|713940||Fitness and Recreational Sports Centers||551||112|
|713910||Golf Courses and Country Clubs||903||66|
|711510||Independent Artists, Writers, and Performers||349||43|
|711130||Musical Groups and Artists||39||-3|
|712190||Nature Parks and Other Similar Institutions||60||-6|
|713290||Other Gambling Industries||32||-21|
|711190||Other Performing Arts Companies||9||8|
|711219||Other Spectator Sports||73||15|
|711310||Promoters of Performing Arts, Sports, and Similar Events with Facilities||223||-141|
|711320||Promoters of Performing Arts, Sports, and Similar Events without Facilities||11||4|
|711211||Sports Teams and Clubs||233||-38|
|711110||Theater Companies and Dinner Theaters||19||-14|
|712130||Zoos and Botanical Gardens||19||19|
|Arts, Entertainment, and Recreation Totals||20,165||62|
The National Endowment for the Arts (NEA) distributed two grants to Northeast Pennsylvania in 2021 – both in Lackawanna County. The region also received two grants 2020. Statewide, NEA funding most recently stood at $5.5 million across nearly 100 grants.
The Pennsylvania Council on the Arts distributed 57 grants to Lackawanna, Luzerne, and Wayne Counties in 2020-2021. The number of grants funded in the region has dropped from 86 in 2019-2020 to 57 in 2020-2021, though the total amount allocated increased for Lackawanna County. The total grant appropriation statewide has remained unchanged at $9,590,000.
National Endowment for the Arts Funding Amounts in $
National Endowment for the Arts Funding Number of Funds
PA Council on the Arts Funding Amounts in $
Source: PA Council on the Arts
PA Council on the Arts Funding Number of Funds
Source: PA Council on the Arts
Prior to 2020, tourism visitor spending had followed a generally increasing trend in all three counties. Average year-over-year growth was two percent in Lackawanna County, three percent in Luzerne County, four percent in Wayne County, and three percent statewide.
The pandemic disrupted a large share of travel in 2020, causing a dip in visitor spending. In 2021, tourism largely rebounded in all three counties and statewide. In the most recent data, Lackawanna County had returned to 90.5 percent of pre-pandemic visitor spending and Luzerne County had returned to 88 percent. Wayne County’s increase surpassed prior years, with 2021’s total being the highest on record.
The recovery in tourism spending in the region has been faster than the state’s tourism recovery as a whole, where 2021 spending stood at 83 percent of pre-pandemic spending. Accordingly, the region’s share of the statewide tourism spending total grew from nearly five percent in years 2017 through 2019 to 5.5 percent in 2020 and 2021.
Tourism Visitor Spending (in millions of dollars)
Source: Pennsylvania Tourism Office
Several types of resources relate to historic preservation. Historical markers are present at locations to tell stories of notable people, places, events, and innovations. Above-ground resources include buildings, structures, or sites of historic significance. District resources can include larger areas of significance such as downtowns, neighborhoods, farms, industrial areas, and landscapes.
There are currently 122 historical markers in Lackawanna, Luzerne, and Wayne Counties. This total comprises almost five percent of all historical markers located in the Commonwealth. The three-county region also has a combined total of 7,420 above-ground resources – just over four percent of the statewide total of these historic buildings or sites. Finally, the three-county region has 203 district resources, which comprise about five percent of the state’s total of these larger areas of historical significance.
State and county funds from the Bureau of Farmland Preservation help preserve agricultural lands. There is not a clear trend in the amount of state and county funds distributed to Lackawanna, Luzerne, and Wayne Counties by the Bureau of Farmland Preservation in recent years. However, the amount of funds distributed to all three counties in 2021 increased from their 2020 totals. Lackawanna County received a ten-percent increase in its state and county funds for farmland preservation. Luzerne County received a five-percent increase in its funding (though it has the highest total amount of all three counties). Lastly, Wayne County received an approximate 34 percent increase in its funding for farmland preservation.
Bureau of Farmland Preservation – State and County Funds
Source: PA Department of Agriculture